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Labor Industrial Relations

Unions and Communities under Siege: American Communities and by Gordon L. Clark

By Gordon L. Clark

The fundamental argument of this ebook is that the present concern dealing with American unions should be thought of by way of the quick communal context of labor-management kinfolk. The constitution of recent Deal nationwide exertions laws has sustained and maintained designated neighborhood labor-management practices. in accordance with the ever-increasing fiscal interdependence of yankee and exterior groups, unions have discovered it tough to accomplish comparable scales of integration, and their fragile excellent of intercommunity harmony has frequently been crushed by way of fiscal imperatives working at larger degrees and in different places. 3 specific issues recur all through Professor Clark's research: the position of the neighborhood in labor-management family, the jobs of kingdom and federal associations in adjudicating neighborhood commercial disputes, and the importance of financial restructuring for the jobs and way forward for commercial unions.

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Extra resources for Unions and Communities under Siege: American Communities and the Crisis of Organized Labor (Cambridge Human Geography)

Example text

12 Economy and community unionized, but contributed relatively little to the national level of unionization. 4. 3 are discernible in this table. That is, there were quite marked regional effects for each sample year. 6 percent). This geography was relatively consistent over the whole period, even if there has been some minor convergence in rates of unionization between the states. Essentially, those states with the highest rates of unionization in 1953 lost the most over the 1953 to 1982 period.

Second, the standard model ignores a crucial aspect of union life: electoral politics. Forgotten by theorists who use the standard economic model are the principal assumptions of the legislation that gave American unions their legitimacy. While the preamble of the Wagner Act emphasized the economic benefits of more equal collective bargaining and worker self-organization, the mechanism by which workers were to organize reflected another deeply held belief-the virtues of industrial democracy. Workers were given the right to join unions, and unions were given the right to represent those workers who joined the unions.

The only exception is New England. Even so, given differences between the regions in terms of elections contested, the northern and Pacific regions remain the traditional home of American unionism. 6). In this sense, the geography of American unionism became more universally hostile over the 1970 to 1986 period. What has often been described as the southern phenomenon (Rees 1973) - a culture of authoritarian employer-employee relations and strong community anti-union sentiment-appears to have been spread north.

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