By Andrea Gualmini
The hot experimental facts offered within the Ups and Downs of kid Language exhibits that it truly is attainable to increase study on baby language to kid's semantic competence, adopting an analogous theoretical framework that has confirmed important to the research of kid's syntactic competence. Andrea Gualmini investigates the position of entailment relatives for baby language in a sequence of interconnected experiments assessing kid's negation and their interpretation of phrases like or, each, and a few. evaluating his examine to different types of language acquisition and characterizing the saw ameliorations among childrens and adults, Gualmini asserts that even within the area of semantic competence there isn't any cause to imagine that kid language differs from grownup language in ways in which may exceed the boundary stipulations imposed via common Grammar.
Read or Download The Ups and Downs of Child Language: Experimental Studies on Children's Knowledge of Entailment Relationships and Polarity Phenomena PDF
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The hot experimental proof offered within the Ups and Downs of kid Language indicates that it truly is attainable to increase examine on baby language to kid's semantic competence, adopting a similar theoretical framework that has confirmed worthwhile to the examine of kid's syntactic competence. Andrea Gualmini investigates the position of entailment kinfolk for baby language in a chain of interconnected experiments assessing kid's negation and their interpretation of phrases like or, each, and a few.
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Additional resources for The Ups and Downs of Child Language: Experimental Studies on Children's Knowledge of Entailment Relationships and Polarity Phenomena
The question is how they can do so without incurring in any wrong generalizations. In order to solve this problem, Pullum and Scholz (2002) could rely on some form of indirect negative evidence. In other words, they could rely on some mechanism that would lead children to consider each sentence they hear as the only possible form to convey a particular message. Thus, the grammaticality of one form would ‘suggest’ the ungrammaticality of all other forms. Once we turn to language comprehension, however, this learning mechanism would have to be complicated considerably.
Focusing on the imperfect correlation between negation and the licensing of negative polarity items would have prevented linguists from formulating any < previous page page_20 next page > < previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 generalizations about the distribution of negative polarity items. 16 Relevant examples are reported below. Every student who wrote a paper received a grade Every student who wrote a good paper received a grade. Every student who wrote any paper received a grade. c. Every student who wrote a paper or made a presentation received a grade Every student who wrote a paper received a grade and every student who made a presentation received a grade.
Some student wrote any paper. manifested in natural language. Presumably, older children have encountered more data that could lead them to form wrong generalizations. For these reasons, we are compelled to disregard Tomasello’s assumption that there are qualitative changes in child language after age three. < previous page page_28 next page > < previous page page_29 next page > Page 29 (49) a. Every student wrote a paper or made a presentation Every student wrote a paper and every student made a presentation.