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Luke's Portrait of Paul (Society for New Testament Studies by John Clayton Lentz Jr

By John Clayton Lentz Jr

The aim of this ebook is to hunt a fuller knowing of the way the characterisation of Paul in Acts might were perceived via those that first learn or heard the Lucan narrative. because the writer makes transparent, the cautious reader of Acts can be surprised on the manner St Paul is portrayed therein. Dr Lentz demonstrates, via a cautious exam of specific texts, the nice improbability Jew of strict Pharisaic history might have held, not to mention been pleased with, Roman citizenship and citizenship of the town of Tarsus. via investigating the social and felony expectancies of the 1st century, the writer indicates that Paul is visible to be deferred to in issues of criminal trivialities by means of these in positions of authority. he's given excessive social prestige and considerable ethical advantage with a view to allure to Christianity the high-ranking citizen who might understand in Paul the classical cardinal virtues.

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Extra resources for Luke's Portrait of Paul (Society for New Testament Studies Monograph Series)

Sample text

Jews possessed certain civic rights which allowed them to follow their own customs and not to participate in the celebrations of the city. But these particular charters of special civic status do not necessarily prove full citizenship. Formal citizenship was not determined simply by residence, or by birth in a given location. Citizenship in the cities such as Alexandria, Antioch, Cyrene, and Tarsus was always limited, and therefore carried with it a high degree of social superiority and implied wealth and importance.

34 Full citizenship in a Greek city was reserved, even in the city of Tarsus which was known for its love of luxury, for those of landed wealth and was a mark of status that many longed for but few achieved. At this point two critical questions are raised. First, what was the probability that Jews were citizens of Greek cities? Second, what was the probability that Paul was a citizen of Tarsus? E. M. 37 Furthermore, the evidence seems to suggest that there were Jews who were both conscious of their religious identity and also at home in the Hellenistic environment.

39 Goldstein, "Jewish A c c e p t a n c e , " p p . 66-67. Goldstein, '"Jewish A c c e p t a n c e , " p . 67; 2 Maccabees 4:9-15; J o s e p h u s , Antiquities xv, 267ff; T a r n , Hellenistic Civilization, p . 221; Harris, Greek Athletics, Appendix "Jews with Greek o r R o m a n N a m e s , " p p . 102-106. 41 Kraabel, " P a g a n i s m a n d J u d a i s m , " p p . , vol. I l l , p p . 2Iff; Trebilco, Jewish Communities; G . M . A. H a n f m a n n , Sardis. 42 Trebilco, Jewish Communities. 43 A.

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