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Just Business: Multinational Corporations and Human Rights by John Gerard Ruggie

By John Gerard Ruggie

"A actual grasp classification within the artwork of creating the most unlikely possible." —Paul PolmanOne of the main vexing human rights problems with our time has been easy methods to shield the rights of people and groups around the globe in an age of globalization and multinational enterprise. certainly, from Indonesian sweatshops to oil-based violence in Nigeria, the demanding situations of regulating destructive company practices in many of the world's so much tough areas lengthy appeared insurmountable. Human rights teams and companies have been locked in a stalemate, not able to discover universal flooring. In 2005, the United countries appointed John Gerard Ruggie to the modest job of clarifying the most matters. Six years later, he had finished even more than that. Ruggie had built his now-famous "Guiding rules on enterprise and Human Rights," which supplied a street map for making sure liable worldwide company practices. the foundations have been unanimously counseled via the UN and embraced and carried out via other...

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This is also true, I believe, of bridging other highly complex and controversial instances of global governance gaps, such as climate change, where neither centralized command-and-control regulation nor business as usual offers a viable solution. This book comprises five chapters. The first summarizes some of the emblematic cases that put business and human rights on the international policy agenda, from the first global campaign against Nike for its overseas labor practices to the scathing criticism the CEO of Yahoo!

But binding international standards require an international treaty—or the slow and gradual accretion of customary international law standards. What is more, the leading human rights NGOs were demanding some overarching and comprehensive legal framework, not merely corporate accountability in relation to a specific set of rights, and a framework that would impose duties on companies directly under international, not national, law. Apart from issues of effectiveness and enforcement, which I address in a later chapter, major treaties on complex and controversial human rights subjects require time for the subject to ripen and negotiations to conclude.

International human rights treaties impose duties on states that ratify them. In turn, companies are subject to whatever standards states apply to them in their home and host countries. For example, the United States has not ratified the economic, social, and cultural rights covenant, nor has China ratified the covenant on civil and political rights. Thus, variations exist as to which international human rights standards apply in different countries, and multinational corporations are likely to be subject to different, sometimes contradictory, standards in their countries of operation.

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