By John R. Hansen, Diana Cook, World Bank
"Ukraine's economic system has been slipping backwards for almost a decade, leading to an important fall within the dwelling criteria of the Ukrainian humans. placing Ukraine again at the route to prosperity would require coverage makers to prevent letting fiscal crises dictate the coverage schedule. non permanent difficulties have to be handled within the context of a longer-term strategy." What method may still Ukraine keep on with? This file identifies and evaluates 3 choices, all of that are less than energetic attention at the present time as Ukraine considers what to do after ten years of halting reforms and fiscal decline. 'Economic progress with fairness' evaluates every one method by way of its possible impression on financial balances, inflation, the present account deficit, fiscal development, employment, and fairness. The record makes tips about the simplest technique to support Ukraine in achieving its power and get over the current melancholy.
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Additional info for Economic growth with equity: which strategy for Ukraine?, Parts 63-408
The rise in energy prices. The end of inter-republican subsidies. Globalisation. Inherent Inefficiency The old command-and-control system was inherently inefficient and collapsed of its own internal weaknesses. The system was supported by the immense natural resources of continental Russia. In contrast, the Soviet system grossly underutilized the region's most valuable resource: its people. The old command-and-control system was inherently inefficient and collapsed of its own internal weaknesses, as the economy became more sophisticated.
Hard budget constraints force individuals, enterprises, and governments to make hard decisions about priorities, thus maximizing the efficiency of resource use and economic growth. In the production sector, the arrears that have built up because enterprises are unable to pay their workers, suppliers, bank loans, and taxes is clear evidence that the enterprises are not living within their means. Page 20 If individual, enterprises, and government bodies do not live within their means and pay for what they use, prices become irrelevant.
Government foreign borrowing also puts upward pressure on the exchange rate. This exacerbates the current account problems by making Ukrainian goods and services less competitive relative to foreign goods. High government debt makes foreign investors increasingly nervous about investing in Ukraine. This helps explain the extraordinarily low level of foreign direct investment in Ukraine compared to other countries in the region (Figure 7). As the preservation strategy almost inevitably leads to growing government deficits, the current account deficit will also become wider.