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Diagnostic Imaging

Differential Diagnosis in Computed Tomography by Francis A. Burgener, Christopher Herzog, Steven P. Meyers,

By Francis A. Burgener, Christopher Herzog, Steven P. Meyers, Wolfgang Zaunbauer

Differential analysis in Computed Tomography, second edition, is a useful reference reduction within the evaluate of CT pictures to assist optimistically achieve a basic diagnostic impact and an inexpensive differential prognosis. unlike disease-oriented radiology texts, this booklet is equipped by means of CT findings, permitting the reader to speedy fit the precise differential prognosis to CT results.

Special beneficial properties of the second one edition:

  • Continuation of the winning Burgener idea: complete tables describe the imaging styles of many of the ailments that could current on CT, besides different commonly linked imaging findings and pertinent physiopathologic, pathologic, and medical info
  • Over 2,000 distinctive, top quality photographs demonstrating a variety of universal and unusual CT findings
  • Chapters prepared in line with anatomic areas, from the mind to the pelvis and the musculoskeletal procedure, with new chapters on meningeal and calvarian lesions and on trauma
  • Updated and revised sections reflecting the newest advances in CT expertise and symptoms, together with actual staging of intra-articular and spinal fractures and overview of vascular illnesses
  • Extensive index systematically cross-references ailments and CT findings for optimum entry to information

Recognizing the significant function that CT performs within the box of contemporary clinical imaging, this booklet is key for physicians who are looking to develop their diagnostic acumen and CT interpretation abilities: radiologists in perform; citizens getting ready for board tests; and the other general practitioner charged with realizing and examining CT images.

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Extra info for Differential Diagnosis in Computed Tomography

Example text

51a–d Cerebral infarct. Axial CT image (a) shows a zone of decreased attenuation in the vascular distribution of the right middle cerebral artery. Axial FLAIR MRI (b), axial diffusion-weighted MRI (c), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map (d) show high T2 signal and restricted diffusion at the site of a recent cerebral infarct. 3 Supratentorial extra-axial lesions Lesions CT Findings Comments Meningioma ▷Fig. 52a–c Extra-axial dural-based lesions, well-circumscribed, supraϾ infratentorial, parasagittal Ͼ convexity Ͼ sphenoid ridge Ͼ parasellar Ͼ posterior fossa Ͼ optic nerve sheath Ͼ intraventricular; intermediate attenuation, usually prominent contrast enhancement; with or without calcifications, with or without hyperostosis of adjacent bone.

Hydatid cyst Echinococcus granulosus: Single or rarely multiple cystic-appearing lesions with low attenuation surrounded by a thin wall; typically no contrast enhancement or peripheral edema unless superinfected; often located in vascular territory of the middle cerebral artery. Echinococcus multilocularis: Cystic (with or without multilocular) and/or solid lesions, central zone of intermediate attenuation surrounded by a slightly thickened rim, with contrast enhancement; peripheral zone of decreased attenuation (edema) and calcifications are common.

Axial image shows a large destructive lesion involving the skull base and orbits that contains ring- and arc-shaped chondroid calcifications. a b Fig. 63a–c Osteosarcoma. Coronal (a) and axial (b) CT images show a destructive lesion involving the right frontal bone associated with extraosseous tumor containing malignant ossifications. The lesion shows heterogeneous contrast enhancement on the postcontrast axial T1-weighted image (c) (arrow). ) Supratentorial extra-axial lesions Lesions CT Findings Comments Ewing sarcoma Destructive lesions involving the skull base; low to intermediate attenuation, with or without matrix mineralization, with contrast enhancement (usually heterogeneous).

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