By Jo Anne Cartwright
Are animals clever? How do they learn how to resolve daily survival difficulties? Can they be deliberately misleading? The research of animal behaviour is a crucial and engaging point of comparative psychology. Determinants of Animal Behaviour completely covers the part on determinants of animal behaviour within the AQA (A) comparative psychology module and bargains with the 3 major themes featured within the syllabus. first of all the evolutionary factors of animal behaviour are mentioned, together with the organic reasons of obvious altruism. Secondly the character of classical and operant conditioning in animal behaviour is taken into account and eventually the function of social studying in animals is investigated. genuine lifestyles examples are used through the booklet to demonstrate the arguments presented.
Determinants of Animal Behaviour is a perfect introductory textual content to the topic, filled with genuine lifestyles examples and either conventional and state of the art examine. it will likely be of curiosity to all scholars new to comparative psychology and hugely available to someone wishing to understand extra in regards to the variety and ingenuity of animal behaviour.
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Extra info for Determinants of Animal Behaviour (Routledge Modular Psychology)
The hawk-dove game can be likened to the old game of stone, paper and scissors whereby players use one of three strategies to try to win the game: (1) stone strategy by holding out a clenched fist; (2) paper strategy by holding out the flattened palm of the hand; (3) scissors 39 DETERMINANTS OF ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR strategy by forming the index and second finger into a scissorsshape. In this game the stone beats scissors, paper beats stone and scissors beat paper. This game can also show why it would be disadvantageous not to adopt a variety of strategies.
The idea that animals can distinguish unfamiliar kin from unrelated strangers by knowing something about themselves or relatives, such as their visual image, their voice or their own smell, has been debated for more than thirty years. It is only recently, though, that relatively strong evidence has been gained to support this explanation of how animals recognise kin. Selfreferent phenotype matching has long been suspected, but until the recent laboratory experiment by Mateo and Johnston (2000), who studied this phenomenon in golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus), had not been seen.
An introduction to territorial behaviour Territoriality (territorial behaviour) refers to the tendency of animals to defend a particular area—usually against members of the same species. Howard (1920) was the first to elaborate the concept of territoriality, with particular reference to birds; these still remain the most studied. Research has shown that animals defend their territories by way of a series of specialised behaviour patterns. Characteristically there are three tiers to territorial defence.