By A. K. Tiwari, M. Lal, A. K. Singh
Sugarcane is likely one of the most vital vegetation commercially grown in approximately a hundred and fifteen international locations of the realm. India is a big manufacturer in addition to client of sugar on this planet and has produced approximately 25MT of sugar from 360MT sugarcane in 2011-13, contributing approximately 15 percentage of the entire sugar construction on the earth. A quantum of sugar is made out of sugarcane, even if, this crop faces a couple of difficulties comparable to low cane productiveness, biotic and abiotic stresses, excessive rate of cultivation, post-harvest losses, and occasional sugar restoration. In India, sugarcane examine started firstly of the 19th. Read more...
summary: Sugarcane is likely one of the most vital vegetation commercially grown in approximately a hundred and fifteen international locations of the realm. India is an incredible manufacturer in addition to shopper of sugar on the planet and has produced approximately 25MT of sugar from 360MT sugarcane in 2011-13, contributing approximately 15 percentage of the complete sugar creation on the planet. A quantum of sugar is made out of sugarcane, notwithstanding, this crop faces a few difficulties corresponding to low cane productiveness, biotic and abiotic stresses, excessive rate of cultivation, post-harvest losses, and coffee sugar restoration. In India, sugarcane examine all started first and foremost of the nineteenth
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No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Approaches Rapid production of healthy planting material through micro propagation Identification of suitable clones through Zonal Varietal Testing Exploring possibilities for crossing programme at Madanapalle / Araku areas Screening of sugarcane clones for quality jaggery Working out of optimum water requirement in relation to age of crop, atmospheric temperature, humidity and wind flow conditions Standardization of fertigation schedule for sugarcane Nutritional requirement for sugarcane under wide row planting Revision of fertilizer schedule based on soil test results Evolving of ICM practices to reduce cost of production Research on exploitation of potential of micro nutrients Research on effective utilization of distillery effluents Establishment of trash decomposing culture unit Production and supply of bio-agents against scale, whitefly, mealy bug, while grub and red rot Enhancement of parasitoid efficiency though info-chemicals against sugarcane pests.
With the callus system, the regeneration was very slow during the initial cycles of selection, but the regenerating plants obtained were relatively stable in their response even after prolonged exposure to higher concentrations of antibiotic. 42 Rachayya M. Devarumath, Gauri A. Nerkar, Forough J. Farsangi et al. To enrich the transplastomic genome in the primary transformed shoot, additional regeneration rounds are necessary. Embryogenic callus induction and regeneration was obtained from sugarcane plants in tissue culture.
That is why cane productivity is low and stagnant, due to an increase in area in marginal soils, rainfed conditions, and moisture stress during formative phase. Non adoption of recommended package of practices in plant and ratoon crops are some of the major constraints of cane production. Presently, few varieties are under cultivation over large diverse regions across the zone. There is a need to adopt new improved location specific varieties by adopting short, medium and long term approaches for realizing improved cane productivity, increased sugar recovery, along with extended crushing periods to make the Status of Sugarcane Scenario and Varietal Improvement Programme … 31 running sugar factories viable and economical.