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Company, Crown and Colony: The Hudson's Bay Company and by Stephen A. Royle

By Stephen A. Royle

The Hudson’s Bay corporation used to be one of many nice service provider businesses. Granted sole buying and selling rights to a massive half what's now Canada they have been coerced within the mid 19th century to establish a colonial management on Vancouver Island to guard British pursuits at a time of starting to be expansionism from the US to the south and attainable threats from a Russian Alaska to the north. corporation, Crown and Colony tells the tale of the demanding situations they confronted. Drawing on wealthy archival assets the writer presents an in depth account of this turbulent interval, revealing the problems confronted by means of a number one service provider corporation as they sought to unravel their conflicting pursuits of trade and payment in a fancy scenario, and offering clean and energetic insights into the emergence of a area of North the USA that's at the present time one of many imperative advertisement centres of Canada.

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This is a measure of the work camp nature of this pioneer settlement, with many men contracted to work for the HBC or the PSAC. Had colonisation been successful, there would have been more families and less gender imbalance. There were in total 243 houses with 183 outbuildings and stores, a church at Victoria, three schools: at Victoria, Colvile Town (Nanaimo) and the largest of the PSAC settlements, Maple Point. The population of Vancouver Island itself increased with the gold rush of 1858, although it dropped for a time afterwards as the economy subsequently slumped.

42 However, Grant actually sent just three farmers, a labourer and four tradesmen: blacksmith, house builder, carpenter and gardener,43 and it would seem from Johnson’s statement above that four of these men had left Grant’s employ within a short time, assuming they had not deserted en route to Vancouver Island as sometimes happened. 44 Grant, himself, travelled via Panama and arrived destitute of funds, requiring advances of seed and cattle. 45 Another problem was the location of this land. 47 In 1851 he left again, this time to try his luck in California, leaving one of his labourers in charge.

30 There were further advertisements in May 1851 and March 1852 when Irish newspapers were also targeted. 32 This expenditure was to little effect. ’34 Earl Grey in his response said: ‘it is a subject of much regret to the Hudson’s Bay Company that the colonisation of Vancouver Island has not been attended with the success at first anticipated from that enterprise. 35 Evidence on the small scale of settlement in 1850 comes from a report of Captain Charles Johnson of HMS Driver that there were just one hundred ‘whites’ at Victoria and another forty at Fort Rupert, all company servants.

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