By Isabelle Duyvesteyn
Oil, diamonds, bushes, nutrition reduction - just some of the feedback recommend as factors for African wars some time past decade.
Another set of feedback makes a speciality of ethnic and extended family issues. those monetary and ethnic or extended family causes contend that wars are particularly no longer fought by means of states for political pursuits with ordinarily traditional army potential, as initially advised via Carl von Clausewitz within the nineteenth century. This examine shows how replacement social agencies to the country can be viewed as political actors utilizing struggle as a political instrument.
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Extra resources for Clausewitz and African War: Politics and Strategy in Liberia and Somalia
Lastly, the West African states also wanted to show that they could solve their own problems. The solution to Liberia’s crisis, according to ECOMOG, was to prevent Taylor from taking power and to disarm his troops. Taylor viewed disarmament as a threat to his claims to leadership. The ECOMOG interference was a threat to his almost unstoppable advance and military success. To counter this threat, Taylor decided to attack and strive to expel the ECOMOG forces from Liberia. Doe was in favour of the intervention, hoping that it would be able to restore his authority and strengthen his position.
36 3 CASE STUDY II Somalia, 1988–95 Somalia: a short overview The Republic of Somalia was established in 1960 as an amalgamation of two separately administered colonies, British Somaliland in the north and Italian Somaliland in the south. Somalis could also be found in Djibouti or French Somaliland, in northern Kenya and the Ogaden district of Ethiopia. In the north, Somalia is mountainous, with ranges above 2,000 metres; in the south, the level drops to 500 metres above sea level. The country has a dry climate and sparse natural vegetation.
Nine of the states were francophone, ﬁve were English speaking, including Liberia, and two had a Portuguese-speaking population. The original aim of ECOWAS was to develop the sub-region of West Africa. 9 The interaction between the member states was concerned with economic affairs, such as the breaking down of barriers to trade and the establishment of the convertibility of currencies. The members of ECOWAS concluded a non-aggression treaty in 1978 and three years later they signed a protocol on common defence.