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Biosaline Agriculture and Salinity Tolerance in Plants by Münir Öztürk, Yoav Waisel, M. Ajman Khan, Güven Görk

By Münir Öztürk, Yoav Waisel, M. Ajman Khan, Güven Görk

The provision of freshwater for agricultural use is declining in lots of parts of the realm. this is why for the expanding use of decrease caliber or of saline water for crop construction. lengthy use of saline water critically impacts the irrigated soils, which contributes to the worldwide land degradation technique and has direct impression on biomass production.
For this cause, aid of the unfold of salinization, revitalization of salinized parts and advent of salt tolerant high-yielding vegetation are vital matters. the aptitude position of halophytes within the administration of salinity difficulties of arid lands is investigated at size these days; a few of these have produced promising forage crops.
This quantity makes a speciality of reclamation, administration, and usage of salt-affected soils, their sustainable use, and review of vegetation inhabiting evidently taking place saline habitats.

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Additional info for Biosaline Agriculture and Salinity Tolerance in Plants

Sample text

Osmotic adjustment plays a central role in plant adaptation to drought [11, 12], although it is known to be effective in plant tolerance to other stress environments such as salinity and freezing [13]. It is now widely accepted that a decline in osmotic potential at full turgor may be due to the apoplastic as well as to accumulation of osmotica [14]. The lower osmotic potentials of plants experienced drought treatments compared with those of plants, which were well watered, may have been due to the accumulation of osmotically active solutes.

Divisum remained unaffected at both drought treatments (Tab. 2). Increasing drought cycles had no significant effect on chlorophyll a, b, and total chlorophyll content. Species differed significantly for chlorophyll a and b, but this difference was attributed to large differences in their controls. Total soluble proteins of L. fusca increased at 8 drought cycles, whereas that of P. divisum decreased at 4 drought cycles. In contrast, protein content of C. pennisetiformis and P. turgidum remained unaffected at both drought treatments (Tab.

Our data support the assumption that salinity usually impairs germination by preventing imbibition [12]. Salt and seawater effects on the germination of Crithmum maritimum 33 The fact that salt pre-treatment did not affect seed viability could have a great significance for the ecophysiology of C. maritimum. Indeed, this finding suggests that C. maritimum would be able to constitute viable seeds bank when salinity levels are high, and that these seeds would germinate early in the spring, after salt leaching from the soil surface by the winter precipitations.

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