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Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee on Autonomous Vehicles in Support of Naval Operations

Autonomous automobiles (AVs) were utilized in army operations for greater than 60 years, with torpedoes, cruise missiles, satellites, and aim drones being early examples.1 they've got additionally been generic within the civilian sector--for instance, within the disposal of explosives, for paintings and dimension in radioactive environments, by means of quite a few offshore industries for either developing and protecting undersea amenities, for atmospheric and undersea learn, and via in automatic and robot manufacturing.

Recent army studies with AVs have continuously verified their price in quite a lot of missions, and expected advancements of AVs carry promise for more and more major roles in destiny naval operations. Advances in AV features are enabled (and restricted) by means of growth within the applied sciences of computing and robotics, navigation, communications and networking, energy resources and propulsion, and materials.

Autonomous cars in help of Naval Operations is a forward-looking dialogue of the naval operational setting and imaginative and prescient for the military and Marine Corps and of naval venture wishes and strength purposes and boundaries of AVs. This document considers the opportunity of AVs for naval operations, operational wishes and expertise matters, and possibilities for more suitable operations.

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Sea Shield: Needs and Potential Autonomous Vehicle Applications The most serious potential threats that the surface Navy and Marine forces may encounter when entering a littoral region are mines in the sea and surf, on the beach, and on land; diesel submarines; swarms of small craft; and antiship missiles (ASMs). Countering Mines, Submarines, and Surface Craft Threats The Navy has begun concept development for a Littoral Combat Ship (LCS), whose purpose is to secure littoral regions for Navy and Marine activities.

S. C. htm>. Accessed on May 13, 2005. 15GEN Henry H. Shelton, USA, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. 2000. S. , June. doc>. Last accessed on April 5, 2004. 16Donald H. Rumsfeld, Secretary of Defense. 2003. S. , April. Available online at . Accessed on May 13, 2005. NAVAL VISION 31 areas prior to any offensive operation. This reconnaissance is a critical capability for the Navy, but again it must be done in a timely manner. During the next stage of activity, upon arrival in the mission-objective area, ships assigned to the JTF could begin to employ organic AVs on the basis of information received from the surveillance and reconnaissance assets.

It is planned that the LCS will carry missionspecific modules that can be changed as necessary for various missions, and that those modules will make extensive use of various kinds of AVs. The LCS appears to be the natural home for certain types or classes of UAVs, unmanned surface vehicles (USVs), unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs), and unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs). To date, the Navy has concentrated on defining the LCS hull, while much remains to be done to define the concepts of operations and systems for executing missions.

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