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Approaches to Metaphysics by William Sweet (auth.), William Sweet (eds.)

By William Sweet (auth.), William Sweet (eds.)

Today, whilst systematic philosophy - and cause itself - are challenged either outdoors of and inside philosophy, is it nonetheless attainable to do metaphysics? This quantity presents a wide point of view on modern ways to the character and the basic questions of metaphysics. Drawing on students from continental Europe, Asia, Canada, the USA, and nice Britain, and representing various philosophical cultures and traditions, this quantity surveys and extends paintings in metaphysics and its implications for broader philosophical issues (e.g., in ethics and social philosophy, in arithmetic and common sense, and in epistemology). It additionally addresses such questions because the function of historical past and historicity in venture metaphysics, the character of metaphysics, the concern of metaphysics over epistemology, and the demanding situations of empiricism and postmodernism.

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129B–130A] The argument aims to show that “ens” is distinct from other concepts, and is one same concept said of the variety conceived by those very concepts. Capreolus replies: … it concludes well that the concept of “a being,” concerning which it is certain that it belongs to that concerning which there is doubt whether the concept of substance belongs to it; and similarly with the concept of accident; that that concept of “a being” is indeed other than the concept of substance and of accident, and that it is one by unity of attribution only.

Certain and uncertain, would be present in the same concept. P. whether fire or a body or some spirit. For in this regard there were [various] opinions of some people, who nevertheless agreed that the God is a being. Similarly, we are certain that the powers of the soul are beings, and nevertheless we are in doubt whether they are the very substance of the soul or accidents, and if accidents, whether qualities or relations. Therefore, the concept of “a being” is other than the concept of the God and of the other [sic] ten categories; nevertheless, it is common to them all.

The ninth reply is of importance because it reviews the Sent, text on analogy. The objection had noted the presence of the notion of being in every proposition. If it were a multiple expression (expressing now this, now that meaning), every proposition would be ambiguous, and all demonstration and certitude would break down. Capreolus replies: To the ninth one responds in the same way [as above in the answer to the eighth]. For though “ens” or some equivalent occurs in every proposition, nevertheless not every proposition is multiple.

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