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A Theory of Philosophical Fallacies by Leonard Nelson (auth.)

By Leonard Nelson (auth.)

Presented as a Vorlesung within the German philosophical culture, this e-book offers the main specific account of Nelson’s approach to argument research, celebrated through many luminaries equivalent to Karl Popper. It was once written in 1921 towards the relativistic, subjectivistic and nihilistic traits of Nelson’s time. The ebook includes an exposition of a mode that may be a extra improvement of Kant’s transcendental dialectics, via an program to the serious research of arguments by means of many recognized thinkers, together with Bentham, Mill, Poincaré, Leibniz, Hegel, Einstein, Bergson, Rickert, Simmel, Brentano, Stammler, Jellinek, Dingler, and Meinong. The booklet provides a normal thought of philosophical argumentation as visible from the perspective of the common fallacies devoted by means of anyone arguing philosophically, no matter if expert philosophers or philosophical laypeople. even if the character of philosophy and philosophical argumentation is without doubt one of the so much recurrent gadgets of mirrored image for philosophers, this e-book represents the 1st try out at a normal idea of philosophical fallacy. in keeping with Nelson, it really is within the form of fake dilemmas that mistakes in reasoning consistently emerge, and fake dilemmas are constantly the results of an identical mechanism--the unwitting alternative of 1 suggestion for another.

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People in fact speak of the intuitive apprehension of the truth and believe that the aforementioned feeling is an apprehension of that sort. Whoever relies exclusively on this feeling is in danger of mistaking it for a faculty that can itself take hold of philosophical truth. They think they can immediately grasp the essence of things. 4 Those last things, which really should be last for our limited human minds, come to be the starting-point, and the task of philosophy seems to be to derive the individual and finite (which should be the starting-point for the ordinary human mind) from the apprehension of the absolute; yet the singular and finite are in fact the first and most immediate things for the common human mind.

Nelson, Leonard. 1921. Spuk—Einweihung in das Geheimnis der Wahrsagerkunst Oswald Spenglers, und sonnenklarer Beweis der Unwiderleglichkeit seiner Weissagungen, nebst Beiträgen zur Physiognomik des Zeitgeistes: Eine Pfingstgabe für alle Adepte des metaphysischen Schauens [Phantoms—Initiation to the secrets of Oswald Spengler’s art of prophecy, plus some contributions to the physiognomy of the spirit of the times: A pentecostal gift for all fans of metaphysical intuition]. Lepizig: Der neue Geist [Reprinted in Nelson (1971–1977), vol.

References Ben-Menahem, Yemima. 2006. Conventionalism. New York: Cambridge University Press. Bentham, Jeremy. 1789. An Introduction to the principles of morals and legislation. London: Payne. Edgeworth, Francis Y. 1881. Mathematical psychics: An essay on the application of mathematics to the moral sciences. London: Kegan Paul. Le Roy, Édouard. 1899, 1900. Science et philosophie [Science and Philosophy]. Revue de métaphysique et de morale, VII, 375–425, 503–562, 708–731; VIII, 37–72. Mill, John Stuart.

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