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A New Biology for the 21st Century by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Life Sciences, Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century: Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution

Now greater than ever, biology has the aptitude to give a contribution functional suggestions to a number of the significant demanding situations confronting the us and the area. a brand new Biology for the twenty first Century recommends "New Biology" approach--one that will depend on larger integration inside biology, and nearer collaboration with actual, computational, and earth scientists, mathematicians and engineers--be used to discover options to 4 key societal wishes: sustainable nutrition construction, surroundings recovery, optimized biofuel creation, and development in human well-being. The procedure demands a coordinated attempt to leverage assets around the federal, inner most, and educational sectors to assist meet demanding situations and increase the go back on existence technological know-how learn quite often.

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Physicists uncovered the fundamental constituents of matter and energy and discovered that these constituents interact in unanticipated ways. Chemists related the structure and properties of substances to the interactions of electrons surrounding atomic nuclei. Astronomers related the light received from stars and the sun to the chemical properties of the atoms generating that light. In this way, new connections within the physical sciences became apparent and drove further advances. These theoretical advances also led to practical applications that transformed society.

All rights reserved. html HOW THE NEW BIOLOGY CAN ADDRESS SOCIETAL CHALLENGES 21 A New Biology Approach to the Food Challenge: Generate food plants to adapt and grow sustainably in changing environments The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization has estimated that 923 million people were undernourished in 2007, an increase of 75 million over the 2003–2005 estimate of 848 million (FAO, 2008). Growing enough food worldwide to address this shortfall, as well as providing the higher quality food that will be expected by people living in countries where standards of living are improving, is an enormous challenge.

The various traits of an individual that can be observed or measured). Because genetic sequences serve as the blueprints for all biological processes, genetic variation affects the functioning of all of the networks that underlie human health. As if the challenge of understanding the connection between an individual’s genome sequence and health were not difficult enough, two additional factors add further layers of complexity. First, feedback from the environment affects how the genetic blueprint is executed.

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