By Hewitt Crane, Edwin Kinderman, Ripudaman Malhotra
One cubic mile of oil (CMO) corresponds very heavily to the world's present overall annual intake of crude oil. The world's overall annual power intake - from all power assets- is presently 3.0 CMO. through the center of this century the realm will want among 6 and nine CMO of power consistent with 12 months to supply for its voters. enough strength is required eliminate the scourge of poverty and supply nutrition, garments, and defend for the folks world wide, and extra might be wanted for measures to mitigate the capability results of weather swap reminiscent of construction dikes and desalinating water.
A Cubic Mile of Oil describes a few of the power assets and the way we use them, initiatives their destiny contributions, and delineates what it can take to strengthen them to each year produce a CMO from each one of them. The requirement for extra strength sooner or later is so daunting that we are going to have to use all assets. We additionally research how more desirable potency and conservation measures can decrease destiny call for considerably, and aid distinguish methods that make an important impression rather than in basic terms making us think good.
Use of CMO removes a large number of devices like hundreds coal, gallons of oil, and cubic ft of gasoline; obviates the necessity for mind-numbing multipliers resembling billions, trillions, and quadrillions; and replaces them with an easy-to-understand volumetric unit. It inspires a visceral reaction and permits specialists, coverage makers and most people alike to shape a psychological photo of the significance of the problem we are facing. within the absence of an appreciation of the dimensions of the matter, we danger squandering efforts and assets in pursuing recommendations that won't meet tomorrow's international power wishes. We needs to make serious offerings, and a typical comprehensible language is key for a sustained significant conversation.
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Additional info for A Cubic Mile of Oil: Realities and Options for Averting the Looming Global Energy Crisis
Although many books and articles discuss energy sources in terms of their energy content in a common unit, whether in British thermal units (Btu), joules, calories, or watt-hours (Wh), each of these units represents a relatively small amount of energy, and mind-numbing multipliers such as billions, trillions, or even quadrillions must be applied when discussing their use in the global context. A veritable tower of Babel results. ), we found it very hard to keep those large numbers straight in our heads.
The energy produced in one year by a 1-GW coal plant is much different from a seemingly equivalent 1-GW wind installation, because a coal plant typically operates at its rated capacity about 85% of the time, while a wind farm installation does so for only around 25–30% of the time. The net result is that it takes about three times as much installed power capacity for a wind power system as for a coal power system to produce the same amount of electrical energy. Likewise, the capacity factor for solar power systems is generally less than 20%, so if we decide to go exclusively solar, our need for the additional 20 TWyear of energy will translate into a need to install about 100 TW of capacity.
By and large, the standard of living of a society is directly linked to its energy consumption. ” Energy use is so pervasive that we often fail to recognize its role and are only reminded of our dependence on it when for some reason or another there is a shortage. To be sure, such reminders have occurred and will occur every so often. However, the shortages we have overcome thus far are very minor compared with what may lie ahead. With ever increasing numbers of people and nations striving to improve their standard of living, the demand for energy is soaring.